Memory Wars Part II

 Understanding memory science may give insights into how UAP intelligences induce missing time, but the reports of survivors of near-death experiences suggest that the physicalist model doesn’t tell the whole story of how memories are retrieved.

J. Burkes MD 2019, edited 2022 

Protein Synthesis is Required to Maintain Long-Term Memory

During the last quarter century, major scientific discoveries have shed light on the mechanisms of memory. Julia Shaw author of the 2015 book “The Memory Illusion” provided a review of these developments. “Stamping” is the term used to describe how long-term memory is created physically within the brain. Protein synthesis is required to make connections between individual neurons at specific locations to allow memories to be retained over long periods of time. 

Nobel Prize winning scientist Dr. Eric Kandal worked with sea slugs and discovered that proteins called prions play an important role. The medical community knows prions are involved in Mad Cow Disease and neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinson’s Disease, but this class of chain forming proteins also have a job to do in healthy cells. Prions have some unusual properties that allow them to help us store permanent memory. They are able to switch back and forth between two states. One which can stand alone and another that forms chains of molecules that are incredibly stable and can link nerve cells whose connections code for long term memory. 

New York University researchers in the year 2000 carried out an elegant series of experiments using rats that were played a specific tone, and then they were electrically shocked. This established a powerful fear response when the tone was played. The amygdala is a walnut shaped structure in the brain were emotional responses are mediated. The scientists injected a chemical which blocks protein synthesis into the rats’ amygdales. This protein synthesis blocker was injected immediately after the sound and subsequent shocks were administered. The results were that when protein synthesis was blocked, the rats did not show a fear response when they heard the tone one week and then fourteen weeks later. 

Each Time We Remember, We Also Forget. 

Commenting on this research according to author Julia Shaw, “This leads us to one of today’s most en vogue biochemical theories of memory: retrieval-induced forgettingThis theory states that whenever we remember we also forget. So, while it seems intuitively appealing that every time we recall a memory we consolidate it and form a stronger and more accurate memory, this is far from the truth. Instead, every time a memory is recalled it is effectively retrieved, examined, and then recreated from scratch to be stored again. It is the equivalent of keeping a file of index cards, pulling one out to read it, throwing it away, and then copying out a new version on a fresh card for filing once more. And this is thought to happen every time we recall any memory.

The Protein Synthesis Model of Memory Suggests that Hypnotic Retrieval of Erased Memoires is Unlikely.

This mechanism has important implications for the debate concerning the missing time occurrences associated with Unidentified Aerial Phenomena. Rats and humans as mammals undoubtedly share common physiological mechanisms. If memory is blocked at a biochemical level by the non-human intelligences (NHIs) interacting with humans in a similar fashion as described above, then no method can be employed to reconstruct what has been partially or completely lost by blocking the protein synthesis required for long-term memory.

Thus, the use of hypnosis to uncover repressed memories might have no reasonable chance of success. Instead of accurate memory retrieval, what we may be witnessing is that new memories, which are false, are being created during the hypnotic sessions. This is likely to occur when hypnotic subjects have been placed in a highly suggestable state of consciousness by an authority figure (the hypnotist.) Each time a memory is “recalled” under hypnosis, new elements can be introduced by suggestion of the hypnotist or simply from new information that the subject has obtained about what an “abduction” is supposed to be.  These proposed mechanisms put into question the entire data base of what is called “alien abduction research.” This is because ‘alien abduction” investigators rely heavily on hypnosis to retrieve the supposedly “repressed memories” of Close Encounters witnesses.

The Limitations of a Physicalist Model For Memories

It should be pointed out, however, that the above scientific materialist (physicalist) model for memory might be an oversimplification of memory mechanisms, if memories somehow are stored “non-locally.” This means that the brain is not the only storage place for an individual’s memories. Instead, under conditions of non-locality, information might be accessed via psychic interactions with what could be described as an “information field” existing outside of the brain.   If one acknowledges that consciousness is primary (“Mind” as the wellspring of creation) and that matter/energy is derived from “Mind”, then other more interesting possibilities can be entertained. This is especially so if we examine anomalous experiences generated by what are called the “Contact Modalities.” These include not only contact with UAP intelligences, but also ghosts, near death and Out-of-Body Experiences (NDEs and OBEs.) 

Mainstream physicalist science refuses to study anomalous phenomena that constitute the Contact Modalities. Thus, the scientific establishment hasn’t a clue as to what might be happening during Near Death Experiences. Many of these events involve cardiac arrests after which the many survivors describe extensive memories of stereotypical NDEs. During cardiac arrest the circulation of blood in the brain ceases and electrical activity stops as well.  Presumably other cellular functions, including protein synthesis, would also be blocked during a cardiac arrest with the loss of circulation to the brain. Nevertheless, many who have NDEs recall vivid detailed memories of the “life review” aspect of NDEs. These experiencers remember multitudes of incidents from their lives as well as how these life events affected friends, spouses and other loved ones that were present during those events. If memory is simply the result of protein synthesis such information should be unobtainable with the loss of circulation and the resultant shut down of cellular metabolism. 

Clearly physicalist science as well as researchers of anomalous experiences that are called the “Contact Modalities” have much to learn about how we remember. 

Part I of this “Memory Wars” article can accessed at

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